What is Neurology?
A neurologist is a clinical medical doctor with specialized training in diagnosing, treating and managing disorders of the brain and nervous system consisting of, but not limited to Alzheimer’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), concussion, epilepsy, migraine, many sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and stroke.
A child or paediatric, neurologist concentrates on the diagnosis and treatment of neurologic disorders in children from the neonatal duration through adolescence. Sometimes a number of conditions overlap with those seen by adult neurologists, and others are rare to this younger population. Child neurologists treat several of an equivalent common condition found in adults such as migraine, epilepsy, stroke, and Tourette’s and are additionally trained in conditions identified with neurogenetics and developmental problems.
What does a Neurologist do?
Nervous system specialists are profoundly prepared clinicians fit for diagnosing complex conditions through a full history and physical examination, consisting of testing of mental status, vision, speech, strength, sensation, coordination, reflexes, and gait. Indeed, even as medicine becomes extra dependent on technology, the neurological exam will stay a serious component of the patient evaluation.
Some common neurologic tests utilized to complete the evaluation include:
- Computed tomography (CT) or computer-assisted tomography (CAT) scans
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
- Nerve conduction studies and electromyography (NCS/EMG)
- Lumbar puncture (LP) for cerebral spinal fluid analysis
We are not similar from neurosurgeons as we don’t operate brain or spinal cord surgery. However, neurologists and neurosurgeons work faithfully together for numerous conditions, sometimes even in the operating room together.
Universal neurologists operate several procedures consisting of LP and NCS/EMG. Subspecialty-trained neurologists also operate intraoperative brain and spine monitoring, autonomic testing, endovascular procedures consisting of angiograms and coiling of aneurysms, botulinum toxin injections, skin and muscle biopsies.
What does Neurology offer?
Neurology offers numerous subspecialties, consisting of the following:
• Brain injury medicine
• Child neurology
• Clinical neurophysiology
• Endovascular surgical neuroradiology
• Hospice and palliative medicine
• Neurodevelopmental disabilities
• Neuromuscular medicine
• Pain medicine
• Sleep medicine
• Vascular neurology