Who is an Ophthalmologist?

Ophthalmologists are physicians or doctors having qualified in the complete medical and surgical care of the eyes and vision. Ophthalmologists are the sole practitioners or doctors medically fit to diagnose and treat all eye and vision problems including vision services (glasses and contacts) and give treatment and prevention of medical illnesses of the eye including surgery. The necessities to become an ophthalmologist in the United States are the finishing of four years of college, four years of medical school, and four to five years of extra specialized training.

The length of education in ophthalmology may be of at least 36 calendar months, along with suitable short periods for vacation, unique assignments, or excellent individual situations accepted by the program director. Any database that extends the length of education beyond 36 calendar months must present an academic foundation that is consonant with the program requirements and the ideas for residency training. Approval for the extended program essentially be obtained before to implementation and at each subsequent review. Previous to entry within the program, each resident should be notified in writing of the specified course length.

There are numerous sub-specialities inside the ophthalmology field, which includes the following:

• Anterior segment/cornea ophthalmology
• Glaucoma ophthalmology
• Neuro-ophthalmology
• Ocular oncology
• Oculoplastic/orbit
• Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
• Retina/uveitis
• Strabismus/paediatric ophthalmology

A concluding sub-speciality field of ophthalmology is an ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. This fellowship includes aesthetic, plastic and reconstructive surgery of the face, orbit, eyelids, and lacrimal system. This consists of learning techniques to get rid of tumours within the orbit and on the surface of the eye, like conjunctival melanoma, also as repairing bony fractures of the periorbital region and face.

Ophthalmology may be a broad surgical speciality, with avenues for further unique detailed sub-speciality practice. This surgical field permits you to care for patients of all ages, treat and identify systemic diseases, and perform a number of the foremost stimulating of surgical procedures starting from microsurgery around and inside the eye to facial surgery concerning of reconstructive and aesthetic surgery.