Have you ever noticed some males get enlarged breasts? It looks odd; the affected individual also feels irritated, especially when he is in his teens or adolescence. You may have noticed this problem in aged males as well. This problem is not serious yet not ignorable. Some do ignore but it may get worse with age. This is a medical condition known as gynecomastia. Several glands are present underneath the skin of the breasts in males. When these glands expand the breast looks big and odd. The glands swell due to various reasons. Sometimes, an increase in the fat level is the reason behind enlarged breasts. As it is a medical condition, treatments are available for the issue. Gynecomastia may happen at any stage due to certain hormonal changes. If the person suffering the disease knows what is gynecomastia and what causes it, life becomes easy for him. With the right treatment, the issue can be reversed.
What are the causes of gynecomastia?
Two major hormones in the human body are testosterone and estrogen. The former could be found in higher qualities in the male body while the latter culd be found in higher quantities in the female body. As such, testosterone determines male characteristics while estrogen determines female characteristics. Estrogen is formed in the male body in minute quantities while testosterone is formed in the female body in minute quantities. When testosterone is formed in lower quantities compared to estrogen in the male body, the effects of estrogen become more prominent. An increase in the breast size in the male body is due to the reduced effects of testosterone and increased effects of estrogen.
How can gynecomastia affect males at different ages?
Gynecomastia is a medical condition. It can happen at any age. Let’s have a look:
Gynecomastia in infants – As per the data available, more than 50% of male infants are born with enlarged breasts. This happens due to the enhanced effects of mothers’ estrogen levels in the fetuses. This condition reverses
within some months after birth.
Gynecomastia in puberty – During puberty, hormonal changes occur both in males and females. This is the period when male and female hormones, i.e. testosterone and estrogen start working in the male and female bodies
respectively. Having enlarged breasts during puberty is possible in some male bodies due to increased production of estrogen but that normally dissipates with time. if that doesn’t occur, treatment is essential.
- Gynecomastia in adults – The condition is most visible in adults especially during aging. Males in their early 60s face this problem in higher numbers than any other age group.
What about gynecomastia treatment?
Some forms of gynecomastia go away with time without any treatment. However, if it happens due to some other reasons like the use of certain medicines, some diseases that reduce the secretion of testosterone, or malnutrition, in that case, proper treatment or in certain conditions gynecomastia surgery is required.
What is gynecomastia surgery?
In the early stages of gynecomastia, medication can effectively. However, if the problem doesn’t reverse automatically or medication is not started at the early stages, surgery is the only option.
Two gynecomastia surgeries available right now are as follows:
- Mastectomy – Through this surgical process, the breast gland tissues are removed from the body.
- Liposuction – Through this process, the extra fat deposited around the breasts is removed. Doctors decide whether a patient with this disease required surgery or not after accurately diagnosing the cause of the disease.
What does gynecomastia surgery cost?
The cost of gynecomastia surgery depends on several factors like what kinds of surgery is undertaken, comorbidity of the patient, and what kinds of a medical facility is given by clinic.